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Vice President

Construction & Engineering Expert                    

Profile | Resume | Consulting Experience | Industry Experience | Consulting Experience PDF

713.626.2525
cjsullivan@interface-consulting.com
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Activated Carbon Plant, Domestic

Analyzed the owner’s actions and plans for developing a first-of-a-kind activated carbon plant. Evaluated the adequacy of the owner’s front end engineering designs (FEED) and other project development standard of care issues. Reviewed the need for pilot plant testing and the owner’s plans for incorporating the results into the FEED. Analyzed the validity and appropriateness of purchase orders for major equipment. Evaluated if the owner’s engineering and other development efforts were reasonable, necessary, and prudent in light of project challenges. Lastly, reviewed the owner’s contracting and risk sharing approaches with the contractors. Case settled favorably for the client.

Aeronautics Manufacturing Facility, Domestic

Analyzed and quantified schedule delays, disruptions, and labor productivity impacts to the mechanical construction work at a state- of-the-art aeronautics manufacturing facility in Texas. Primary issues included scope growth, material/equipment defects, interference, late predecessor work, late equipment delivery, and acceleration. Testified on project delays, disruption, and labor productivity impacts.

Air Separation Unit, Domestic

Evaluated design, procurement, and construction issues and advised claim negotiation strategies regarding the construction of a $100-million air separation unit in Texas. Principle issues included design changes, schedule delays, labor overruns, labor productivity impacts, late equipment and material deliveries, bid errors, and force majeure impacts.

Apartment Complex, Domestic

Analyzed design/construction defect issues and estimated remediation costs relative to a 350-unit apartment complex in Ohio. Primary issues included defective roofing installation and painting defects. Presented analysis in an expert report for litigation purposes.

Arctic Pipeline Upgrade, Domestic

Evaluated various technical and project management issues associated with the upgrade of crude oil pumps, a control system, power generation facilities, and other systems at four (4) crude oil pumping stations. Analyzed costs and schedules, estimated construction costs, and evaluated project economics (Net Present Value [NPV] and Internal Rate of Return [IRR]). Submitted written testimony and testified in court regarding the prudence of costs incurred and other technical and project management issues.

Biodiesel Plant, International

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation, schedule delays, and disruptions throughout the construction and commissioning phases of the project. Assisted with the preparation of an expert opinion.

Bioethanol Plant, International

Evaluated contractor claims for schedule delays disruption and increased costs. Analyzed project schedules and other technical issues. Assisted with the preparation of an expert opinion.

Boiler Failure Analysis Domestic, International

Evaluated construction repair costs and issues following an alleged equipment failure.

Carbon Dioxide Compressor Station Explosion and Rebuild, Domestic

Analyzed potential contributing causes and issues with a carbon dioxide compressor station explosion including process upset operating conditions, ignition sources, operator training and procedures, maintenance, and other operating issues. Prepared an expert report summarizing conclusions and opinions.

Chemical Plant, Domestic

Analyzed project issues and contract requirements for site safety and submitted an expert report addressing the party responsible for managing site safety, and the roles and responsibilities of the owner, general contractor, and subcontractor regarding site safety.

Chemical Plant Construction, Domestic

Evaluated schedule delay and disruption issues for a $20-plus-million chemical plant expansion project. Issues included scope changes and additional work, loss of labor productivity, unpaid contract work, defective engineering and excessive requests for information (RFIs), and the assessment of liquidated damages (LDs) for delay. Presented analysis in an expert report for arbitration purposes.

Chemical Plant Expansion, Domestic

Provided construction claims and litigation support regarding a $350-million chemical plant expansion project in Louisiana. Primary issues included scope changes, schedule delays, labor productivity impacts, project management, and cost overruns.

Chlor-Alkali Salt-to-Bleach Plant, Domestic

Analyzed various engineering and standard of care issues involving the engineering and construction of a chlor-alkali salt-to-bleach plant including schedule delays and increased costs associated with engineering changes, 3D CAD model changes, defective engineering, rework, and mismanagement. Reviewed and analyzed hundreds of piping and instrument diagrams (P&IDs) to evaluate the impact of changes, if any, on the project’s cost and schedule. Testified in arbitration, which led to a favorable settlement for the client.

Combined Cycle Power Plant Conversion, Domestic

Analyzed contractor claims for schedule delays and increased costs for the addition of a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG), steam turbine, air-cooled condenser (ACC), and other items to convert a simple-cycle gas turbine into a combined-cycle power generator. Issues included late and defective owner-furnished equipment, over-inspection, changes, late engineering drawings, acceleration, requests for information (RFIs), delays, and disruption. Assisted the client in negotiating a favorable settlement.

Combined Cycle Power Plant Conversion, Domestic

Served as consulting expert on the construction and conversion of an existing gas turbine to combined cycle operation. Reviewed contract and change order issues; evaluated contractor claims; reviewed scheduling issues; and advised the client on various issues including change orders, rework, defective design, schedule delays, cumulative impact of changes, and other technical issues. Assisted with claims and change order management.

Combined Heat and Power, Domestic

Analyzed contractor claims for increased costs and delays. Issues included changes, delays, and various technical issues.

Combined Cycle Power Plant, Domestic

Evaluated damages to the combustion gas turbine due to contamination in the natural gas feeding the unit. Identified and evaluated contaminants in the natural gas coming from various pipelines and assessed the formation of iron oxides/black powder and the impact on the air intake and combustion gas turbine systems. Prepared an expert report for litigation purposes.

Crude and Vacuum Unit Revamp, International

Performed various engineering activities to increase the capacity of a South American refinery.

Crude Oil and Natural Gas Processing Plant, International

ICC Arbitration - Analyzed over 50 alleged changes with a claimed value of over $1 billion to determine if they were valid contract changes. This required an engineering analysis to review piping and instrument diagrams (P&IDs), project specifications, equipment specifications, plot plans, heat and material balances (H&MBs), materials of construction, and other technical drawings and documents. Issues included impacts resulting from alleged owner changes, HAZOP changes, changes in feed gas composition, and equipment material supply changes. Quantified the cost of each alleged change and testified in Paris, France, regarding the quantum and validity of each alleged change.

Crude Oil Degassing Facility, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation and a schedule extension for a crude oil degassing project at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in Texas and Louisiana. Issues included design changes, differing site conditions, plant access, constructive changes to the contractor’s means and methods, defective plans and specifications, labor productivity, over-inspection, and site overhead and extension costs.

Crude Oil Pipeline Spill, International

Analyzed the maintenance and operation of a crude oil pipeline following a major oil spill and fire at a crude oil pumping station in Mexico. Evaluated pipeline design and operating pressures, as well as the integrity management systems in place to monitor pipeline systems.

Crude Oil, LPG, and Condensate Terminal, Domestic

Analyzed over 30 contractor claims to determine if the alleged changes were valid and to quantify all valid changes. Issues analyzed included piping design changes, incorrect material specifications, and engineering errors and omissions. Analyzed technical documentation including piping and instrument diagrams (P&IDs), plot plans, equipment specifications, project specifications, and other relevant project documentation.

Cryogenic Gas Plant Construction, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation on a cryogenic gas plant expansion project in Kentucky. Issues included scope changes, mismanagement issues, lack of material control, defective pipe spool fabrication, and the use of unskilled labor. Also reviewed and rebutted the opposing expert’s report. Presented analysis in an expert report for litigation purposes.

Delayed Coker and Hydrotreater Units, International

Provided project management services for a new two-drum delayed coker and hydrotreater refinery units. Managed engineering subcontractor and licensor.

Delayed Coker Revamp, International

Provided project management services for the revamp of an existing Eastern European refinery.

Delayed Coker Revamp, Domestic

Provided project management services for the expansion of a Gulf Coast refinery.

Delayed Coker Revamp, International

Project management for the revamp of an existing refinery in Asia.

Department Store Construction, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation due to delays and disruptions associated with the construction of a new department store in Texas. The delayed pouring of concrete slabs on grade and at elevation with no schedule extension resulted in reduced site access, acceleration, trade interference, out-of-sequence work, and crew overcrowding. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Ethylene Cracker Expansion, International

Provided proposal preparation and estimate support for the revamp of an existing ethylene cracking plant. Provided contract risk analysis and construction claims assistance.

Fertilizer Complex, International

Performed engineering and studies for energy audits and process optimizations for an African fertilizer complex.

Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) Topsides Module Fabrication, International

Evaluated cost increases and schedule delays relative to the fabrication of eight (8) topsides modules for a floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel on an offshore Brazilian oil field development project. Issues included constructive changes to the structural steel drawings, late and defective engineering drawings, late equipment and material supply, acceleration, assessment of liquidated damages (LDs) for delay, and project extension costs. Presented analysis in an expert report for arbitration purposes.

Gas Pipeline Compressor Station Upgrade, International

Evaluated contractor claims relative to payment for unpaid change orders and contract work, and the increased costs due to loss of labor productivity and extended home office overhead costs. Issues included failure to coordinate the project, insufficient site supervision, late and defective material supply, and differing site conditions. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Gas Processing Plant, Domestic

Evaluated scope change, schedule delay, cost overrun, termination, and other technical issues relative to the construction of four (4) cryogenic gas processing plants in Louisiana. Additionally, analyzed feed gas quality and composition and assessed operating problems due to the off- specification feed gas. Testified in numerous depositions and at trial.

High School Construction, Domestic

Provided expert opinion and testimony regarding contractor claims for schedule delays and increased costs. Analyzed CPM schedules for delays and testified on delays and damages. Issues evaluated include late predecessor work, delayed conditioned air, concurrent delays, other subcontractor delays, change order work and delays, and claims for liquidated damages (LDs) for delay.

Hospital Construction, Domestic

Provided project management advisory services to a contractor throughout the construction of a Veterans Administration (VA) hospital. Services included change order management, claims avoidance, and contract management assistance.

Hydrogen Plant Expansion, International

Project management for the expansion of an existing hydrogen plant in South America.

Hospital and Medical Facility, Domestic

Analyzed, quantified, and prepared a contractor’s claims package for additional costs, delays, and disruptions due to owner and general contractor changes. Analyzed project changes and quantified the additional costs due to loss of labor productivity and disruption. Issues included stacking of trades due to out-of-sequence work, reassignment of manpower, and dilution of supervision. Additional issues included impacts resulting from concurrent operations, learning curve, and overtime.

Hospital Construction, Domestic

Evaluated construction defects and project management/standard-of-care issues associated with a hospital parking garage in Texas. Issues included defective construction, deficient QA/QC programs, improper inspections, and insufficient site supervision. Presented analysis in an expert report for litigation purposes.

Hotel and Conference Center Construction, Domestic

Evaluated construction defects on an 800-plus-room luxury hotel/conference center in Florida. Issues included misapplication of stucco, water intrusion, and defective concrete work. Estimated repair costs and lost revenue for the hotel. Prepared an expert report for litigation purposes.

IGCC Power Plant, Domestic

Analyzed cost growth issues during the engineering and construction of a 618 MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant. Analyzed issues including estimating errors; incomplete front end engineering design (FEED); changes; bulk material quantity growth (i.e., tons of steel, linear feet of pipe, cubic yards of concrete, and linear feet of electrical and instrument cable); waste water composition changes; drawing changes; late and incomplete engineering; procurement delays; and other project issues. Testified at deposition and at the arbitration hearing.

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Power Plant, Domestic

Provided project management services for the engineering and development of an 800 MW IGCC power project.

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Power Plant (IGCC), International

Provided project management services for the engineering and cost estimating for a 2400 MW IGCC power project

Light Olefins Unit Fire Rebuild, Domestic

Evaluated fire rebuild issues including plant commissioning and start-up issues. Provided expert opinion and testified in arbitration.

Linear Alpha Olefin (LAO) Plant, International

Assisted a contractor with the development and analysis of construction claims for a new chemical plant complex. Evaluated claims issues including schedule delays, loss of labor productivity, and damage quantification.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) EPC Contract, International

Provided contract analysis and risk evaluation for a $1.4-billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) liquefaction plant in West Africa. Analyzed contract documents and consulted relative to risk management strategies.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminal, Domestic

Provided project management assistance to the owner of a US Gulf Coast LNG terminal throughout the engineering and construction process. Analyzed contracts from a risk management and claims avoidance perspective. Reviewed contractor claims for additional compensation. Issues included scope changes, loss of productivity, and force majeure impacts.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminal/Marine Services, Domestic

Developed commercial and technical strategies for providing marine services for an LNG import terminal in Mississippi. Evaluated owner and LNG tanker requirements for safe and cost effective marine services. Evaluated new vessels versus rebuilds and leasing options.

Lube Oil Refinery Expansion, International

Evaluated business management issues including change order management, cost estimating, cost and schedule control, and claims preparation and management. Analyzed contract and project risks and monitored contract compliance.

Marine Oil & Gas Spill Containment Vessel, Domestic

Evaluated contractor’s increased costs and delays associated with the design, fabrication, and installation of topside modules used on a marine vessel designed to capture oil and gas in the event of an underwater well blowout. Evaluated contractor’s designs for changes leading to increased costs of the topside modules. Issues included constructive changes, scope of work changes, and constructive interference.

Medical Facility, Domestic

Analyzed a contractor’s claims for changes and issued an expert report summarizing observations and conclusions. Analyzed issues including payment of remaining contract balances, payment for extra or changed work, late and defective engineering, invoicing and payment problems, and schedule delays.

Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Units, Domestic

Provided engineering and construction support services for the construction of three (3) methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) refinery units.

Military Command Operations Facility, Domestic

Analyzed construction claims and disputes regarding the mechanical construction work (HVAC plumbing utilities) for the construction of a new military command operations facility. Issues included schedule delays, defective design work, trade interference, and severe weather impacts.

Military Housing Construction, Domestic

Evaluated design and construction issues that resulted in increased costs for the construction of four (4) unaccompanied enlisted personnel housing (UEPH) buildings in Texas. This $46-plus- million project included three-story buildings designed to include over 900 beds for military personnel. Issues included unforeseeable material cost escalation, late supply of utilities, defective drawings and specifications, additional work, and acceleration.

Military Housing Privatization, Domestic

Analyzed construction costs and provided an independent verification of completion estimates for construction work associated with several military housing privatization projects throughout the United States.

MTBE Unit Construction, Domestic

Provided engineering and construction support for a new refinery processing unit.

MTBE Units, Domestic

Provided engineering and construction support services for the construction of three MTBE refinery units.

Natural Gas Cryogenic Plant, Domestic

Analyzed cost growth and contractor claims on two natural gas processing/cryogenic plants. Issues included late and out-of-sequence equipment and material delivery and bulk material quantity growth.

Natural Gas Gathering and Fractionation Plants, Domestic

Analyzed numerous technical claims following the sale of two natural gas processing plants. The new owner was claiming for various corrective actions, repairs, and upgrades to the facilities. Analyzed numerous issues including process hazard analysis (PHA) and hazard and operability (HAZOP) studies, flare and pressure relief systems, fire and gas detection systems, the location of control rooms, communication systems, cryogenic piping, NGL transfer pumps, condensate stabilizer systems, pressure safety valve (PSV) studies and calculations, fractionation system modifications, and other technical issues. Issued an expert report and testified at deposition regarding observations and conclusions.

Natural Gas Gathering and Processing Plant, Domestic

Audited project costs to determine if the contractor invoices were properly supported and compliant with contract requirements and industry standards. Additionally, analyzed the reasonableness of the contractor’s unit rates and time and material (T&M) contracting strategy considering the project’s circumstances. Testified at deposition and at the arbitration hearing.

Natural Gas Pipeline, Domestic

Evaluated contractor’s claim for increased costs on a new 39-mile 12” natural gas pipeline. Evaluated issues including increased costs due to extra pigging, mat usage, rock drilling, blasting delays, and other changes and disruptions. Prepared an expert report summarizing observations and opinions. Testified at deposition. The case settled favorably for the client prior to trial.

Natural Gas Pipeline, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for increased costs. Analyzed change orders, extra work, reroutes, work arounds, damage quantification. Prepared an expert opinion.

Natural Gas Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Evaluated costs and audited invoices for contract compliance and industry norms. Developed mediation presentation and assisted client in successfully resolving this issue.

Natural Gas Pipeline Installation, Domestic

Analyzed schedule delays and quantified damages regarding the installation of a 20-inch natural gas pipeline in Texas. Primary issues included permit delays, differing site conditions, and scope changes. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Natural Gas Processing Facility Fire Rebuild, Domestic

Analyzed contributing causes of a plant fire, including allegations of equipment failure and contaminated feed gas. Evaluated repair costs, operator training and qualifications, and various safety and operations issues. Prepared an expert report summarizing conclusions and opinions.

Natural Gas Processing Plant, Domestic

Analyzed contractor claims for additional compensation. Issues included alleged owner changes, excessive weld rejection rates, delays, and labor productivity losses.

New Visbreaker Unit, International

Provided engineering and project management services for the design and construction of a new refinery unit in Eastern Europe.

Offshore Oil & Gas Platform Repair, Domestic

Evaluated platform repair options and costs following an allision with a marine supply vessel off the coast of Texas. Issues included economic viability and depletion of the various oil and gas wells. Assessed the value of the platform prior to the allision and presented analysis in an expert report for litigation purposes.

Offshore Oil Field Development, International

Provided change order management assistance for an offshore subsea oil field development project in West Africa. Evaluated the cost and schedule impacts to changes in subsea valve manifolds and other subsea systems.

Offshore Platform Allision, Domestic

Prepared expert opinion regarding the cost and issues following the allision of a fishing vessel with an offshore oil and gas platform. Evaluated engineering and construction costs as well as the owner’s cost accounting procedures.

Pipeline Compressor System, Domestic

Performed schedule delay analysis, damage quantification, contract risk review, and various technical analysis.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Evaluated the surveying and drafting work on a 24-inch gas pipeline project in Louisiana. Audited contractor invoices and analyzed contractor schedule and performance issues. Issues included changes to the right-of-way (ROW) and rerouting, scope changes, additional work, pipeline probing, construction restaking, and additional water crossings. Testified on findings and conclusions at the jury trial.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Provided project cost and schedule control assistance to the owner of a major natural gas pipeline project. Evaluated and reported on contractor costs, schedule, labor productivity, and potential claims issues.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Performed a contract risk analysis for the owner of a large natural gas pipeline construction project in Louisiana. Evaluated contract technical and commercial issues and provided claims avoidance and claims mitigation recommendations.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Performed contract review and progress monitoring.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Assisted the pipeline owner with progress and cost monitoring throughout the construction project.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Performed construction claims analysis and review, including evaluating construction progress and labor productivity.

Pipeline Construction, Domestic

Analyzed cost increases and construction claims issues. Performed a schedule delay analysis, productivity analysis, and damage quantification.

Pipeline Construction Trend Study, Domestic

Provided construction management assistance, industry trend studies, and construction labor and cost forecasts.

Pipeline Expansion, Domestic

Assisted owner with contract development, construction management, and project control systems development.

Pipeline Inlet Facility, Domestic

Evaluated contractor’s claim for additional compensation due to change orders and delays.

Pipeline Inlet Facility, Domestic

Analyzed schedule delays and monetary damages regarding the construction of a natural gas pipeline inlet facility at a power plant in Texas. Primary issues included differing site conditions and scope changes. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Pipeline Operations and Maintenance Trend Study, Domestic

Prepared a cost analysis and trend study regarding operations and maintenance (O&M) costs for an interstate natural gas pipeline system in the southern United States. Evaluated O&M cost trends related to labor, services, materials, and equipment.

Power Plant, International

Analyzed general contractor claims for a 1,200 MW combined cycle power plant. Issues included alleged project management failures, inadequate staffing, and failure to complete the work.

Power Plant Construction, Domestic

Evaluated contractor performance and cost issues following contract termination on a combined cycle power plant project in Alaska. Issues included schedule delays, change orders, incomplete engineering, equipment purchases not in compliance with contract requirements, and the cost to complete the project.

Power Plant, Domestic

Performed a windows schedule delay analysis and labor productivity impact evaluation regarding the construction of two (2) heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) units for a $325-million combined cycle power plant in California. Primary issues included late and defective design documents and materials, late predecessor work, restricted site access, performance issues, and liquidated damages. Presented analysis and conclusions in an expert report for arbitration.

Power Plant, International

Provided a forensic boiler defect analysis and damage quantification regarding a barge-mounted power plant in the Dominican Republic. Evaluated faulty design and operating issues, the accumulation of slag, and the diminished value of the boiler system. Testified on findings and conclusions.

Refinery Boiler Rebuild, International

Evaluated contractor termination issues including late and defective engineering, shop fabrication errors, deficient material controls, defective project schedules, quality control problems, and insufficient field supervision and turnover. Evaluated project schedules and identified defective and incomplete project schedule updates. Quantified damages including the cost to complete the project with the replacement contractors. Presented findings and conclusions in an expert report as part of the arbitration process.

Refinery Construction Audit, Domestic

Audited contractor’s records, accounts payable, and other cost accounting documents on a refinery expansion project in Texas. Analyzed contractor’s invoices and billing procedures to ensure compliance with the contract. Presented analysis to the client for negotiation and settlement purposes.

Refinery Expansion, International

Provided project and subcontractor management services.

Refinery Crude Unit Expansion, Domestic

Performed various engineering activities to increase capacity of an existing asphalt refinery. Monitored operating data to verify performance requirements.

Refinery Delayed Coker Unit, Domestic

Provided engineering and construction support services for the construction of a new delayed coker unit at a west coast refinery.

Refinery Diesel Desulfurization, Domestic

Performed engineering services for three new diesel hydrodesulfurizer units.

Refinery Expansion, International

Provided project management services for the design and expansion of the largest delayed coking unit in the world.

Refinery Fire Rebuild, Domestic

Evaluated potential root causes of a refinery fire and analyzed the cost to rebuild. Assisted the client in developing and analyzing technical issues critical to favorably settling the case before trial.

Refinery Fire Rebuild, Domestic

Analyzed engineering and construction issues involving the rebuilding of a refinery unit following a fire. Analyzed issues including heat exchanger designs, corrosion, and the cost to repair.

Refinery Sulfur Recovery, Domestic

Evaluated contractor’s claim for increased cost and schedule extension during the construction of a sulfur recovery unit in Washington. Issues included extensive owner changes, adverse weather, loss of labor productivity, engineering and construction labor cost escalation, and acceleration. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Refinery Turnaround Construction, Domestic

Evaluated scope changes, additional work, and the associated increased costs for a $25-million refinery turnaround project in Louisiana. Issues included a review of the scope changes and the timing of the changes, excessive changes, and interference. Quantified monetary damages and contract compensation due the contractor. Prepared rebuttal report outlining issues with the opposing expert’s report. Presented analysis in an expert report for litigation purposes.

Refinery Turnaround Construction, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation due to delays and additional work on a refinery turnaround project in Illinois. Issues included scope changes, trade interference, site access, acceleration, and loss of labor productivity. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Refinery Upgrade, Domestic

Provided engineering and design services for the revamp of an existing Midwest refinery. Studied different crude oil and refinery configurations to optimize output.

Rubberized Asphalt Mixing Plant, Domestic

Evaluated contractor claims for additional compensation on a rubberized asphalt mixing plant in Tennessee. Issues included excessive and late changes, delayed site handover, engineering and construction labor cost escalation, acceleration, and loss of labor productivity. Presented analysis to the client for claims negotiation and settlement purposes.

Ship Loading Facility, Domestic

Evaluated contractor’s increased costs associated with the maintenance and painting of ship loading facilities. Analyzed unforeseen conditions and other changes.

Sodium Cyanide Plant, Domestic

Analyzed contractor claims for owner changes, heat and material balance (H&MB) errors, delays and errors in prefabricated steel and pipe, and allegations of late and defective front end engineering design (FEED). Additionally, analyzed rework and loss of productivity during detail engineering. Prepared and issued an expert report summarizing observations and conclusions.